Failed Marriage Applications.
This pertains to a failed marriage application before the Immigration Appeal Division (IAD).
When an application to sponsor a spouse for Canadian permanent residency is refused, the sponsor has a right to appeal to the Immigration Appeal Division (IAD).
Common reasons for refusal include:
the sponsored spouse has a criminal record
the sponsor is in receipt of social assistance
the sponsor is in default of sponsorship undertaking (agreement)
the spousal appeal before the Immigration Appeal Division was not filed within 30 days of receiving the refusal letter
if the marriage is deemed to be a marriage of convenience (or marriage to get permanent residency)